Tanzania is a country in East Africa situated just south of the equator, known for its vast wilderness and the highest peak Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania. It has a coastline at the Indian Ocean in the east. It is bothered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and Republic of Congo to the West and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. It has area size of 945,000 square kilometre and have abundant natural environment that serve as game reserve, it is a home to wildlife. It has population of about 59.6million persons. The capital is Dodoma, although the coastal city of Dar-es Salaam remains the principal city. There are more than 127 ethnic groups in Tanzania, each with its own language, Swahili is the official language although English is widely spoken.
TRENDING FASHION IN TANZANIA
ACCESSORIES IN TANZANIA
TRIBES IN TANZANIA AND THEIR FASHION
One of the major and largest tribe in Tanzania is the Maasai people, their dressing vary by sex, age and place. Young men wear black for several months after the circumcision. Although red is the common colour among the Maasai. Black, blue, checkered and striped cloth are also worn, together with multi-coloured african garments. They also adorned themselves with colourful beaded neckless, and iron rod as weapon. The red coloured dress is perceived to scare wild animal away.
It is a semi nomadic and pastoralist tribe in tanzania around Manyara region. Dagota are Nilotic group of people and they live around Lake Eyasi as well as in the semi-arid areas of Tanzania. They dress in similar fashion with the maasai people. The women wear jewelry and traditional hides; married women wear garment which has thin leather strip. The jewelry is made from copper, beads or iron.
TOURIST AND HISTORICAL PLACES IN TANZANIA
Tanzania is a home for most wildlife because of its abundant natural environment. A visit to Tanzania will present to you many game reserve and beautiful water bodies to see.
Zanzibar Beaches – a major holiday destination in Tanzania and known for its beautiful beaches
Olduvai Gorge – important archeological site that revealed ancient skull and bone fragment of early man
Tarangire National Park – a fantastic area for wildlife viewing. It is best visited in the dry season.
Serengeti National Park – a vast treeless plain with millions of animals living here or passing through in search of fresh grasslands. About 500 species of birds have been recorded on the Serengti.
Selous Game Reserve – it is the largest game reserve in Africa, established in 1922, it covers 5% of Tanzania’s total area. Traveller are limited to north area of Rufiji river, the southern part is forbidden.
Ruaha National Park – it is a home to large herds of buffalo and gazelle, and largest concentration of elephants in Tanzania. The Ruaha river provides much electricity to Tanzania via hydroelectric dam.
Pemba Island – the northernmost island in Zanzibar archipelago, it is close to many desert island.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area – it is located between Serengti and lake Manyara, it is a home to the famous volcanic Ngorongoro Crater and is one of Tanzania’s most popular wildlife viewing areas.
Mount Kilimanjaro – it is Africa’s highest peak (5,895m), a beautiful snow-capped mountain Kilimanjaro and Tanzania’s most iconic image.
Mafia Island – the island draws divers and Snorkelers from around the world to the undersea world protected by the Mafia Island Marine Park. The best month for diving are october to march.
Lake Victoria – it is the largest freshwater lake in Africa and is bordered by Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
Katavi National Park – located in a remote region offering unspoiled wilderness. The Katuma river and several seasonal lakes splits Katavi. The lake support enormous hippos, crocodiles and 400 bird species.
Gombe Stream National Park – it is primarily for those who want to get a little off beaten track and see Chimpanzees. It is one of the smallest national park in Tanzania, famous for Jane Goodall work.
Arusha National Park – although smaller than most in Tanzania, has a range of habitats that consist of the forest of Mount Meru, Ngurdoto Crater in the southeast section park and Momella lakes.
Stone Town – it is a cultural heart of Zanzibar and little has changed in the last 200 years.
MUSIC IN TANZANIA
Music listened to by Tanzanians today stretches from traditional African music or the string-based taarab to a distinctive hip hop known as bonga flava. Bonga Flava is on eof the newer Tanzanian genres, developed in the 1990s and is a fusion genre. R&B, afro pop and hip hop are popular also. At inception, Bonga flava was heavily influenced by US hip hop and Reggae, fused with traditional Tanzanian music styles. Currently, the sound has changed, oscillating from its central point music sung in Swahili to include variety of music cultures and styles.
Some musicians in Tanzania are;
Rajab Abdul Kahali
some art work in Tanzania are:
MEALS IN TANZANIA
Tanzania have symptous meal to make your trip an amazing and memorable one. Meals from cereal, grains, vegetables, spices, proteins, flour and fruits.
Mshikaki – popular Tanzanian street food dish, made from marinated meat such as beef etc.
Mchicha – thick and creamy vegetarian meal, usually prepared with leafy vegetables such as spinach.
Chipsi Mayai– staple of Tanzanian street food, fried eggs mixed with peppers and onions.
Zanzibar pizza – crispy, chewy, oversized dumping-like square of deliciousness.
Ugali – it is a food culture in itself, usually served with meat, mashed vegetables and stew.
Coconut rice – rice cooked with coconut water extract, usually taken with stew or sauce.
Mchuzi wa samaki – consist fish cooked in combination of onions, oil, garlic, tomatoes and lemon.
Pilau – Tanzanian pilau is usually made without any meat and served as a side dish, it is a romantic dish.
Kachumbari – a plate with french fries, grilled meat on a skewer, and onions.
Mchemsho – a traditional dish from northern Tanzania, made of potatoes, green beans, carrot etc.
Mandazi – a popular snack in Tanzania. The dough is made with sugar, flour, water, yeast and milk.
Curry soup – a delicious soup made from curry, spiced up with other ingredients.
Mchuzi wa samaki
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND HABITAT PROTECTION IN TANZANIA
Natural forest in Tanzania are of three main types namely, miombo woodlands, montane forests and mangroves. According to the National Forest Programme(NFP), the country possesses about 33.5 million hectares of natural forest. There are 32 game reserves, all covering 10.4% of the total land mass and 38 game controlled areas, which covers 9.6% of the total land surface area. Licensed hunting, non-consumptive tourism, human settlements and other human activities, research and education are permitted.
EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN TANZANIA
Climate change is affecting the natural environment and residents of Tanzania. Temperatures in Tanzania are rising with a higher likelihood of intense rainfall events, resulting in flooding and dry spells, resulting to drought. Tanzania’s agricultural sector, which employs over half of the population, is particularly vulnerable as farmers are predominantly dependent on rain-fed agriculture. On the other hand, increasing rainfall event have resulted in flood across the region and has damaged infrastructure and livelihood.
Here are some pictures of climate change effect;
GENDER EQUALITY IN TANZANIA
The government of Tanzania adopted policies that advance gender equality and youth inclusion in a supportive enabling environment. The government policy increases the minimum age of marriage for the females to 18 years. In Tanzania, females participate in politics, academics, research and economic decision of the country. Some prominent women in Tanzania include;
Kilicho Mvutia Naibu Waziri –
Getrude Ibengwe Mongella – Tanzanian politician and first president of the Pan-African Parliament.
Zakia Hamdani Meghji – Tanzanian politician and first female Minister of Finance.
Asha-Rose Migiro – Tanzanian diplomat, who served as Deputy Secretary General of United Nations.
Dr Esther Mwaikambo
Getrude Ibengwe Mongella
Zakia Hamdani Meghji
Juliana Daniel Shonza – current Deputy Minister of Information, Culture, Arts and Sport in Tanzania.
Professor Anna Tibaijuka – Tanzanian politician and Member of Parliament .
Professor Ruth Meena – Tanzanian feminist activist and political scientist.
Engr. Stella Martin Manyanya – Tanzanian politician and Member of Parliament for Nyasa constituency.